Description: The Pug is a small dog, considered by some to be a dwarf mastiff. It is a solid, compact animal with dogs that are 12 to 14 inches tall and weigh up to 20 pounds. Female dogs are generally two inches shorter and weigh from 13 to 18 pounds. The Pug is well known for its short, wrinkled face and curly tail that rests on its back. Baby pugs are sometimes called Puglets. The Pug’s coat color can be black, fawn (often with a darker face mask), silver, or apricot. Other names for the Pug include Mops, Chinese Pug Dog, or Carlin. The Pug can live up to 15 years.
History: two schools of thought dispute the origin of the pug. It is the most generally accepted that the Pug was born in Asia and is a descendant of the Pekingese. It was mentioned in the writings of Confucius and was a favorite among Chinese royalty and nobility. The Pug was also kept in Tibetan monasteries. It was the Dutch East India Company that brought the Pug to Europe in the 16th century. The Pug became popular almost instantly and appears in a self-portrait by the artist Hogarth.
Temperament: The Pug is an affectionate and outgoing dog who loves to be around people. He is somewhat of a clown and often amuses his family with his playful antics. The Pug is very good with children and likes to play with them. The Pug is a confident and alert dog that will keep an eye on the house, without complaining excessively. He gets along well with other dogs and pets in the family.
Health Issues: Due to its short muzzle, the Pug is susceptible to the usual problems that plague brachycephalic breeds. The Pug will snore and wheeze and may suffer “snorting attacks”, which are alarming but not dangerous. The Pug can suffer from hip dysplasia, and this occurs in most of these dogs. Take care that your Pug is not overweight, as this can make breathing and joint problems worse. A very serious disease is Pug dog encephalitis, which causes inflammation of the brain in young dogs. A cesarean section is often necessary to deliver the young.
Grooming: The lighter colored pugs, fawn and apricot, can shed quite heavy hairs, especially in season, and should be brushed regularly. The black Pug sheds much less and does not need as much care. The Pug’s wrinkled face should be kept clean and dry, as infections can develop in the wet wrinkle folds.
Living conditions: The Pug is perfect for indoor living, being equally comfortable in a house or apartment. You should have a daily walk to keep you healthy, but these should be skipped in hot weather. Due to the short face of the Pug, it must be protected from both heat and cold. You can get heatstroke very easily and need to stay cool during the summer. The Pug will want to be with his human family as much as possible.